We've heard about 'those who warred against the gods'. We understand the concept of 'those who would do us harm' both in an ancient and in a modern context. What about everybody else who lived outside of the circles of civilization, however large or small, in the ancient world? Who were they? Were they all outlaws and raiders? Was there a purpose for some folks to live on the outside? Was it a place for those who did not fit into other social norms? This workshop will explore these and other things and we shall see what answers we can come up with.